What Causes Kidney Infections?
Are you wondering what causes kidney infections and why some people are more prone to getting them compared to the others?
While answering the question what causes kidney infections, it’s important to point out that younger women are the most common group affected by kidney infections due to the anatomically shorter structure of the urethra and more active sexual status.
Let’s summarize what causes kidney infections:
1. Sexual intercourse significantly increases the risk of pushing anal and vaginal bacteria thru the urethral opening that can subsequently cause a urinary infection.
2. A pregnant woman’s growing abdomen compresses the urinary system organs and, combined with increased hormonal levels, creates predisposing factors for developing a kidney infection.
3. The use of urinary catheters that are intended for bed-ridden patients, individuals after surgeries or severely ill patients can introduce outside bacteria to previously sterile urinary environment.
4. Many types of kidney stones are also the answer to what causes kidney infections since they can partially or fully obstruct urine flow or even result in a portion of urine to be backed up into the kidneys.
5. Congenital malformations of kidney structure are sometimes diagnosed as dysplastic kidney, or kidney that is comprised of multiple cysts in place of healthy renal tissues. An affected kidney is usually removed, so the other half can take over all renal functions of filtering blood.
Along with numerous causes of kidney infections, there are multiple types of renal infections. Most kidney infections are classified into 3 groups: acute uncomplicated, acute complicated and chronic pyelonephritis.
To determine what causes kidney infection in each particular medical case, a urine and blood samples are collected. Once a type of bacteria is singled out, a specific antibiotic treatment is usually prescribed to target the exact type of bacteria in each case.
Certain chronic conditions of kidney disease might lead to glomerulonephritis renal failure, or loss of kidney function as a result of inflammation of the kidney membranes that are in charge of filtering out waste products in the blood.