Wet Macular Degeneration Causes
Less common than the less severe dry macular degeneration, the other age related macular degeneration, wet macular degeneration, is a condition in which the center of the retina (macula) is affected by leaking blood vessels. Often times, dry macular degeneration is present prior to the development of wet macular degeneration. This condition is not curable, but when properly managed it the progression can be substantially slowed.
Ever wonder what life would be like if a random person walked in front of you constantly holding a large grey cardboard circle, blocking out the majority of your vision leaving you only the outer diameter available to see? That’s what life looks like through the eyes of someone suffering from wet macular degeneration. Treatment and early detection of this disease can help improve vision and reduce the amount of vision lost.
The causes of wet macular degeneration are unclear, but fluid buildup in the back of the eye causing blister like bump, and abnormal blood vessel growth which inhibits the functioning of the retina, are the normal suspects. Dry macular degeneration is almost always present in patients who develop the wet type of the illness. Risk factors are many, but can include aging, smoking, obesity, ethnicity, gender (females tend to be more susceptible), high blood pressure and high cholesterol and diets lacking in fruits and vegetables.
Symptoms of macular degeneration are a well defined blurry spot, hallucinations, and lessening of color intensity. Since macular degeneration treatment focuses mainly on stopping disease progression, early recognition is critical. Treatment of macular degeneration includes slowing the growth of abnormal blood vessels with medication, photodynamic therapy, and most commonly, macular degeneration surgery or more specifically Thermal laser photocoagulation, destroying abnormal blood vessels under the macula. Early detection is key here however, because by the time many people are diagnosed, it is too late to perform this procedure.
WMD is a serious, lifelong ailment that impairs vision rapidly. The key to optimal care and treatment is recognizing early warning signs and seeking medical care immediately. With the right treatment, this condition can be managed, decreasing the rapid rate of vision loss from this condition.