Ulcerative Colitis Treatment Options
Ulcerative colitis treatment depends on the cause. Colitis or irritable bowel symptoms are caused by inflammation of the colon. You may experience diarrhea or watery stools, abdominal pain and even bleeding from the rectum.
Sometimes antibiotics that are given for an infection somewhere else in the body destroy the beneficial bacteria that populate the colon. When the beneficial bacteria are destroyed, harmful bacteria can grow out of control. The result is C difficile or C diff. C diff treatment often requires that another antibiotic be taken to kill the harmful bacteria. Probiotics may be given to restore a healthy balance of intestinal flora. Collagneous and lymphocytic colitis may not require ulcerative colitis treatment, but may resolve on their own. If symptoms persist, the ulcerative colitis treatment may consist of dietary changes, avoiding NSAIDs, and take one of several prescription treatment options. If blood flow is obstructed to the colon, the result is ischemic colitis. This usually gets better in a few days, but if pain persists, see the doctor. People develop infectious colitis after eating food or drinking water that has bacteria or a virus. Again, this usually resolves on its own. Chronic colitis requires medical attention.
The one thing shared by each ulcerative colitis treatment is modifying your diet. An ulcerative colitis diet should avoid fats. Hard to digest foods like nuts, seeds, popcorn, raw fruits and vegetables (especially those in which you eat the skins) irritate colitis. Beans, prunes, caffeine, and alcohol should also be avoided. Many people find that large portions of food cause colitis distress. Eat smaller meals. Spicy foods and any food that has been shown to be a trigger for your colitis should also be avoided. In more extreme cases, surgery may be required to remove a portion of the colon or intestine that has become permanently damaged by colitis.