Top 10 Receding Gum Line Causes
A receding gum line< is a sure sign of gum disease. Gum recession occurs when the gums become infected with bacteria. Every day plaque builds up on your teeth. Plaque feeds the bacteria that infect the gums. Plaque that is not removed twice a day by brushing and flossing turns into a hard substance called tartar. Tartar also feeds bacteria. Tartar must be removed by a dental professional.
Gingivitis is a bacterial infection of the gums. Gingivitis can be treated with a professional cleaning, good oral hygiene and sometimes, topical or oral antibiotics. Gingivitis that is not treated can develop into periodontitis. Once you develop periodontitis there is no chance for gum recession grow back. A receding gum line that has progressed to periodontitis could require tissue grafts for the gums and osseous surgery to reshape the tooth sockets. In addition to a receding gum line other gum disease symptoms include bleeding gums, gum pain, bright red or purplish gums, pus between your teeth and gums, loose teeth, a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite, and the development of new spaces between your teeth.
According to the Mayo Clinic, these are the top 10 receding gum line causes:
3. Poor oral health habits
4. Tobacco use
6. Older age
7. Decreased immunity, such as that occurring with leukemia or HIV/AIDS or chemotherapy
8. Poor nutrition
9. Certain medications
10. Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause
Substance abuse and ill-fitting dental restorations can also cause a receding gum line.