Sickle Cell Anemia Facts and Statistics
Many major sickle cell anemia facts have been distorted or are not properly understood by the general public. The majority of sickle cell anemia causes are completely hereditary. In other words, there is really no way that that you avoid this illness, especially if you have a family history of it.
There are many types of SCD, including blood loss anemia and sickle-hemoglobin c disease. Sickle cell anemia facts show that children have a one in four chance of inheriting SCD when just one of their parents has this blood disorder. The likelihood inheriting sickle cell anemia increases when one parent tests positive, and the other is a carrier.
Almost all sickle cell anemia symptoms come in the form of major medical problems. If you have become very sick from an easily treatable bacterial infection, constantly feel tired and swelling of the limbs. Other more serious symptoms include deteriorating vision, leg ulcers and extreme pain. Sometimes it is easy to confuse the signs of being anemic for other serious illnesses, but a simple blood test will determine whether or not you have SCD.
Other sickle cell anemia facts include the reality that this disease has no common cure. Certain types of SCD can be managed with medication and therapy, while others have left the medical community completely stumped. However, sickle cell can be fatal if it is left untreated for an extended period of time.
Some lesser known sickle cell anemia facts are that this disorder mainly affects people of African and Hispanic origin. Patients of other races can both inherit and carry SCD, but they are at a much lower risk. Even if neither parent has sickle cell or carries the trait, a child can still inherit the disease. This means that this blood disorder can lay dormant for many generations before reemerging.
Although SCD can be painful, cause medical complications, including but not limited to long-term hospitalization, most people with sickle cell are able to lead fulfilling lives. A blood test performed early on in childhood can help your doctor to develop an effective treatment plan, and you will also be much more educated on SCD as you enter adulthood.