Renal Failure Diet – What to Eat and What to Avoid?
Renal or kidney failure is a medical condition when kidneys are failing to filter toxins and waste products from blood and evacuating extra liquids from the body. Renal failure could be a result of many conditions like major infections, kidney stones, renal cysts and trauma.
Sometimes, in addition to renal failure diet, a person undergoes regular kidney dialysis that helps failing kidneys to filter blood and remove numerous toxins from the body. If all renal treatment measures fail, a renal transplant is often needed to replace a non-functioning organ.
Renal failure diet is intended to control the intensity of many renal failure symptoms like fluid build up lungs, heart, tissues and accumulation of toxic matters in blood due to kidneys not functioning correctly. Renal diet restrictions are also needed to control the electrolyte balance in a human body.
Renal failure diet is focused on controlling the intake of the following substances as: liquids, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, protein and carbohydrates. Each renal failure diet plan is specifically tailored for each patient’s needs depending on the state of renal failure and whether a person is on a hemodialysis or not.
It’s essential to exclude foods with all added salt in every renal failure diet, since a lot of foods contain a degree of naturally occurring sodium in them.
Learn to season dishes without using lots of salt by trying natural ingredients to enhance flavor. Lemon juice is so satisfying squeezed over your favorite veggies or salad, it will make you forget you are eating a salt-free meal. Add some fresh chopped dill, parsley, green onions or basil to additionally elevate the natural flavors of dishes. Once you start following renal failure diet guidelines, your taste buds will eventually adjust to the natural taste of foods without added sodium.
Foods that are high in phosphorous need to be limited in every renal failure diet plan. This includes dairy products, fish, whole grains, nuts, dried fruits, beans, lentils and eggs. Your dietitian will provide you with a daily maximum of phosphorous you are allowed per your weight and renal condition.
Another important element that needs to be controlled is potassium. Keep foods like bananas, oranges, kiwis, dried fruits, tomatoes, avocado, potatoes and pumpkin under strict control, since all of them are rich sources of potassium that your failing kidneys can not process.
All liquids are strictly monitored under renal diet restrictions since patients affected by kidney diseases are prone to fluid retention that in itself puts too much pressure on lung and heart function. Be aware that some foods contain a lot of water, such as ice-cream, soups, melons, celery, tomatoes and even jello. Avoiding salty foods and staying cool in summer months will help you avoid getting thirsty and stay true to the renal failure diet plan.