Pluripotent Stem Cells – What Is Their Potential in Treating Diseases?
The potential of pluripotent stem cells is enormous when it comes to treating diseases and medical conditions. The stem cells controversy does not center around whether or not these cells have benefits, but where they come from instead. This type of stem cell can develop into any cell type in the body, but is initially harvested from embryos and fetuses that have been aborted or died.
Once pluripotent stem cells have been harvested these cells can be used in the lab to create cultures indefinitely. This means one stem cell line can treat an unlimited number of future patients. Stem cell research pros and cons are not completely clear cut because of the source of the stem cells used. Opponents point out that embryonic or fetal tissue is used and that abortion is morally wrong to many.
Advocates of pluripotent stem cells discuss the wide range of diseases and conditions that these cells can treat. The pros of stem cell research are not contested, these cells have a potential that is amazing in modern medicine. Many opponents of these stem cells do not oppose induced pluripotent stem cells, which are actually adult stem cells that have been altered genetically. It is not known if these cells are as effective as the real thing though.
Pluripotent stem cells are so effective at treating numerous diseases because they are not adult cells yet. This gives them much more flexibility when it comes to treating diseases than mesenchymal stem cells. Any damaged or defective tissues and cells can be replaced with these stem cells because of their ability to develop into healthy cells of that specific type instead. Multipotent stem cells are adult cells, which limits not only the cell development type but also the cell reproduction ability. These stem cells can only change into a limited number of cell types, and their proliferation is somewhat limited. This is not a problem with pluripotent stem cells, which proliferate endlessly and can change into any type of cell.
The information provided herein is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions.