Understanding what a pituitary macroadenoma is, what causes this condition, and which treatments are effective can help you manage this problem. This condition is one of the pituitary gland problems, but the causes are still not completely known. There are some educated scientific guesses, but research has not been able to pin down a specific cause for this type of pituitary tumor.
The difference between a pituitary macroadenoma and a pituitary microadenoma is mainly the size of the tumor, as well as the effects that you may experience as a result. Most of these growths are not cancerous, but you may experience unpleasant or even dangerous side effects depending on the exact size and location of the tumor.
Treatment for pituitary macroadenoma can include a number of options. If the growth is a simple pituitary cyst that is harmless and your symptoms are mild then the doctor may decide to wait and watch the tissue, without taking any immediate steps to treat it. If the tumor in your pituitary gland is large, interferes with hormone function, presses on sensitive areas of the brain, causes an increase in cranial pressure, or is cancerous then treatment may be required.
Pituitary gland surgery is one treatment for a tumor in the pituitary gland, and medications to control your hormone production can also help treat this condition. Another option is radiation treatments, to shrink the tumor and cause it to stop interfering with your pituitary function and hormone production amounts. Both of these pituitary macroadenoma treatments offer pros and cons, and should be discussed with your doctor.
A pituitary macroadenoma can be mild or severe, and can cause many different symptoms depending on where the tumor is. Your treatment options should be evaluated completely and discussed with your doctor and specialist, so you can choose the method that works best in your specific situation and condition.