Phonological Disorder – How to Fix It?
Phonological disorder is an inability to produce the necessary sounds for age appropriate speech. When a child has a phonological disorder, he or she will not only find it difficult producing such sounds, the child may also substitute or omit sounds as well. With early treatment from a speech and language therapist, a child may overcome such speech and language impairments as early as six years of age without much difficulty. In fact, milder forms of a phonological disorder may resolve on its own.
One of the more complicated phonological disorders which would especially benefit from early treatment is called cluttering, also known as tachyphemia. Cluttering is a communication and speech disorder where the speaker expresses his or her words at an erratic and rapid rate, making it difficult for the listener to understand. This fluency disorder may also be associated with a lack of concentration and attention, scattered thinking, and poor listening skills. Those with a cluttering diagnosis are unaware of their own phonological disorder. Therefore, their resistance to treatment may delay a positive outcome.
Depending on specific needs and severity of a phonological disorder, therapy will differ and be tailored to each case. Although treatment by each speech and language therapist will methodically vary, physically showing a client how their tongue and lips relates to the sounds they make, and repetitively reviewing specific sounds whether simple or complex, are included in a therapy sessions for a phonological disorder. If this disorder is neurologically related, a child may find it impossible to verbalize normal sounds. Therefore, a therapist will guide this child in mastering alternative sounds within the same range. Whatever the nature and severity of the phonological disorder may be, therapy appropriately rendered by a speech and language specialist will either eliminate, or at least lessen the symptoms of the disorder.