Perianal Fistula Causes
What causes a perianal fistula to develop, and how can you prevent this condition from occurring? The main cause of an enterocutaneous fistula, rectovaginal fistula, and other anal fistula types is an anal gland obstruction, which causes an infection that turns into an abscess and will not heal. There are other possible causes for this condition as well, and these can include surgery to repair and remove hemorrhoids, infections by any type of pathogens, cancers and malignancies, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Genetics may play a part with some of these causes, because certain inflammatory bowel diseases may have a genetic component, but in many cases lifestyle and hygiene may also play a role.
If you have a perianal fistula then you may want to discuss it with your doctor to determine the specific cause and best possible treatment. In many cases the recommended fistula treatment is surgical in nature, but the problem with this is that surgery does not guarantee that the fistula will not come back at a later time, making another surgery necessary in the future. In fact some surgeries can actually cause a perianal fistula to form under certain conditions, and this is especially true if there are multiple surgeries that have been performed in the past. Many individuals choose to decline surgery and use natural treatments instead, with the hope of eliminating the fistula permanently.
In some cases the cause of a perianal fistula is not known, and in others trauma may play some part. No matter what has caused your fistula, there are a number of options available for treatment whether you prefer natural methods or choose surgical and medical ones instead. It is important that you are aware of the symptoms of bowel obstruction if you have a fistula, because sometimes this condition can lead to an obstruction which creates a medical emergency that can be life-threatening. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for the perianal fistula, to control any infection and help the area heal, and you can also help drainage with warm baths.