Newborn Birthmarks: Causes and Remedies
Newborn birthmarks affect a significant percentage of all babies born, close to seventy percent, but medicine has come a long way towards understanding and removing birthmarks with fantastic results. The causes of any birthmarks in newborns depends on the specific type that are present.
Vascular birthmarks are caused due to accumulated blood vessels lying under the skin surface. These newborn birthmarks can range in color, from being a pale pink to an angry purple, and can have a bluish tone as well. These marks may be flat or raised, and can range from small to very large.
A cafe au lait birthmark is a common type known as pigmented birthmarks. The cause of these newborn birthmarks are due to pigment cells that experience abnormal development. This mark is usually permanent, is flat on the skin, and appears to be the color of coffee with cream.
Birthmark removal is not always required. In many cases the physician may decide to wait, and see if the marks shrink or lighten over time as the child ages and grows. In many cases this is exactly what happens. This method is not always possible though, and if the birthmark is a type that will worsen instead it is usually advisable to start treatment as soon as possible.
Newborn birthmarks should not be a cause for alarm, even if removal is needed. In some cases a birthmark may interfere with the ability to eat, see, hear, or live a normal life. Even in severe cases the outcome is usually good when birthmarks need o be removed.
Newborn birthmarks can be treated using steroids, especially if they are the vascular type. Certain medications and chemicals can be injected into vascular lesions to shrink the vessels supplying blood to the area. Laser treatments work well on both main types of birthmarks in newborns. Traditional surgery may be required if the birthmark is located internally or interferes with normal functions.