Ischemic heart disease is also known as congestive heart failure. It does not mean that your heart stops beating. Ischemic heart disease is a condition where the heart fails to pump blood properly to the rest of the body. Blocked or narrowed arteries prevent the heart muscle from getting the blood and oxygen it needs to pump effectively. Swelling of extremities and the abdomen occur as blood backs up in the blood vessels and forces fluid into the tissues. In fact, one of the symptoms of ischemic heart disease is swelling in the extremities and abdomen. Other symptoms include experiencing shortness of breath whey you are active and also after you lie down for a while. A cough that worsens when lying down is another symptom. A sudden increase in weight, dizziness, extreme tiredness and nausea are other myocardial ischemia symptoms. In some cases, there are few symptoms. This is known as silent ischemia.
There are several treatment options for ischemic heart disease. A congestive heart failure diet and exercise are included in all treatment plans. Coronary angioplasty, a procedure in which a small balloon is inflated in the narrowed artery is used alone or in conjunction with the placement of a stent to open the blocked blood vessel. In more extreme cases, coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the treatment of choice.
Whether you are currently healthy or have already suffered from heart problems, it is important to minimize your risk factors for heart disease. Monitor and control diabetes, high bad cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Don’t smoke. If you do smoke, quit. Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean protein while avoiding animal fat and sodium. Get regular exercise. Check with your doctor to find out what is best for you. Maintain your proper weight. Finally, learn to manage and reduce stress in your life.