Hypovolemic Hyponatremia: Causes and Treatment
Hyporvolemic hyponatremia is a condition which includes low blood sodium levels symptoms due to the decrease in total body sodium. With hypovolemic hyponatremia, total body water also decreases. When this occurs, low blood sodium side effects such as headaches, restlessness, confusion, muscle cramping and spasms, and a lack of energy can be experienced. On a more serious note, seizures, a decrease of consciousness or coma are also possible with untreated Hypervolemic hyponatremia. Since it is difficult to diagnose this condition with only a physical exam, a doctor would order urine and blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Hypovolemic hyponatremia is an electrolyte imbalance which will originate from a number of causes. Failure of primary body organs such as heart failure, liver failure, and kidney failure are among the most common causes for this disorder. Along with congestive heart failure and kidney disease, other factors play a role in hypovolemic hyponatremia such as burns, SIADH, or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretions, diarrhea, vomiting, diuretic drug use, and liver cirrhosis. These conditions deplete the total body water , total body sodium, and extracellular fluid as well.
Hyponatremia treatment includes a recommendation of easing up on fluids if your condition is due to diuretics, diet, or excess water intake. The more severe cases of this condition would involve more drastic measures of treatment such at intravenous fluids which would include a solution of sodium to raise the levels of sodium in the blood. For the side effects of hyponatremia, medications can be taken for reasons such as headaches, seizures, and nausea. When hormones happen to be the culprit of this condition, such as Addison’s disease which is an adrenal disorder, hormones will be suggested for the deficiencies.