High Glucose Levels in Urine – What Does It Mean?
Sometimes getting test results from a doctor are scarier than having the tests done in the first place. And, oftentimes, getting those test results leaves you with more questions that you had when you walked in. When it comes to urine tests, high glucose levels are not normal, and could be indicative of a problem with blood sugar and immune system processes, or other conditions that you might not have considered. Having high glucose levels in the urine means that your days of testing have likely just begun.
It’s important to discuss concerns you have about your tests and lab work with your doctor. He or she will discuss with you what normal levels are and how yours stack in comparison. He or she will also likely discuss with you the potential causes of your test results, and which further tests will be needed in order to further investigate and ultimately diagnose the condition causing your out of whack results.
If you have normal blood sugar levels, your urine glucose level will hover between 0 and 0.8 mmol. Anything higher than that and it’s possible that you have blood sugar too high to be normal. While further blood testing is always required after your preliminary urine test if you have been determined to have high glucose levels, it’s possible that you may have diabetes or prediabetes. If you have other high blood sugar symptoms, this is likely the suspect.
However, having high glucose levels in the urine doesn’t always necessarily mean diabetes. For instance, a rare kidney disease could also be causing your abnormal test results. This condition, called renal glycosuria, occurs when glucose gets into the urine after being released from the kidneys.
The other consideration, and likely your very next test if you’re a woman of child-bearing age, will be a pregnancy test. Hopefully, they can use the same sample! It’s common for women to have glucose in the urine during pregnancy, but thankfully, this condition (gestational diabetes), is often temporary. There are also some medications that can cause abnormal urine test results. This is why it’s important to discuss any medication that you are taking with your doctor before you begin having tests performed.