Herpes Simplex Keratitis Treatment – What Are My Options?
Herpes simplex keratitis is in layman’s terms eye herpes that is caused by a herpes virus affecting the cornea of the eye. In most cases, herpes viral infection of the eyes affects only one eye, but in very rare occurrences can spread to the other eye if left untreated.
Once, a herpes virus enters a human body, it remains there for life in a dormant asymptomatic state flaring up from time to time, once immune system shield is down due to an illness or other predisposing condition.
While cold sores herpes manifests itself as ulcers around a person’s mouth or facial area, eye herpes becomes activated causing inflammation of the cornea with significant pain, redness and irritation. Sometimes a person affected by herpes simplex keratitis experiences blurred vision, sensitivity to the light and significant tearing.
If you suspect a herpes simplex keratitis flare-up, have an experienced ophthalmologist examine your eyes to confirm the diagnosis and prescribe treatment. As with any viral condition, supportive treatment is prescribed to reduce the likelihood of cornea scarring in the form of corticosteroid eye drops or drops that will dilate the eye. Additional antiviral medications are also recommended like Zovirax or topical drops. Herpes simplex keratitis usually resolves itself within 3 weeks course.
Overall, outlook for the herpes simplex keratitis is good and does not cause any permanent eye damage; however it might cause scarring to the cornea and might require corneal grafts to replace tissues affected by inflammation scarring.
Keratitis causes vary in nature, therefore requiring an experienced ophthalmologist to properly diagnose your eye condition and prescribe the right treatment. If you are diagnosed with fungal keratitis, the treatment for this condition will differ from other types of keratitis and require special antifungal therapy.
Pin-pointing the right causes for your microbial keratitis is the key to finding a cure for your type of keratitis.