Hammertoe surgery may be required when the toe becomes stiff and bent downward in an almost claw like in appearance. If hammertoe is diagnosed and treated early, hammertoe surgery might be avoided. The second toe is most often affected by this condition. Wearing shoes that are too tight or too short can force the toe into an unnatural bent position. Over time, the tendons in the toe become shorter as they tighten. People at highest risk for hammertoe are children who continue to wear shoes once they have outgrown them and women who wear high heels or ill fitted shoes. During hammertoe surgery, tendons are cut or moved. Bones may be fused together. Early hammertoe treatment includes splints, braces, and exercises. It is a good idea to prevent the need for hammertoe surgery in the first place by choosing footwear for yourself and your children wisely.
A bunion is a deformity of the big toe and foot. If your bunion is not particularly painful, you might want to wear wide, supportive shoes instead of opting for surgery. The patient is awake during bunionectomy surgery. The foot is numbed and the patient is given medication to help with relaxation. The foot is opened and the surgeon realigns the bones, tendons and ligaments. They are held in place with plates and pins and then a cast is applied to assure alignment during healing. Sometime the characteristic bony bump is also shaved down. Possible negative side effects of this surgery include a numb big toe, damage to nerves, difficulty healing, and the possibility that the bunion will come back. Bunion surgery recovery typically takes 3 to 5 weeks. At first you should keep your foot elevated. Your doctor will tell you when you can begin walking after bunion surgery and how much weight you are allowed to put on your foot.