The most common fistula treatment advised by physicians is surgery, but this is not the only treatment option available, and for many individuals it is not preferable either. In many cases surgery for a perianal fistula can simply prove to be a temporary fix, and this is also true if you have a rectovaginal fistula, because these wounds tend to recur. One method used which has shown promising results is oregano oil, and this substance has been used through history in medicine and healing. Oregano oil is a natural antibiotic, and when it is applied to the interior of the fistula it will help with the healing process and kill off the bacteria causing the pus to form.
Fistula treatment can also include using a warm compress and applying it to the area. This will help to open the abscess and remove any crust or scab which is holding in the infection. The enterocutaneous fistula needs to drain completely, so that it can start to heal from the inside out. You will need to make sure that you get plenty of liquids each day, with the majority of these coming from water and fruit juices. This will not only help with healing but will also prevent any constipation, which can cause the fistula to become worse instead of improving. Excellent hygiene is also important for fistula treatment, because you need to keep the area very clean and extremely dry. An absorbent cotton pad or bandage can be used to catch any drainage from the fistula, and antibiotic ointment may also be applied to prevent further infection if directed by your physician.
One very effective technique for fistula treatment is the use of sitz baths. This involves filling a bath tub with shallow water that has had salt added, and it is done after every bowel movement, especially bloody bowel movements. After you have eliminated your bowels and wiped the area you will soak in the sitz bath for ten to fifteen minutes. This fistula treatment helps to improve circulation to the area, so that your bloodstream can carry off some of the infection which is keeping the fistula open and oozing. It will also help to soothe any irritation in the area, and flush out any pus or other contaminants in the fistula at the same time.