Enterocutaneous Fistula Symptoms
Enterocutaneous fistula symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe, but these symptoms usually require medical treatment, depending on where they are located and the severity of the condition. The fistula treatment recommended will also depend on these factors and others. Common problems include dehydration and malnutrition if you have a fistula, and with an enterocutaneous fistula you may also notice skin irritations and infections in the affected location. Stool and bowel leakage can occur through the wound that is present in your skin, and you may notice an unpleasant smell coming from the wound as well.
If you have an enterocutaneous fistula, or another type such as a small bowel fistula, your doctor may recommend doing nothing in many cases. A majority of the time these conditions will heal without any treatment. In some situations this is not always possible though, and treatment is needed to minimize the symptoms and complications present. Diarrhea is another common symptom with an enterocutaneous fistula, depending on which area of the bowel is affected. A common treatment may include tube feeding or intravenous feeding until the fistula has healed, to deal with any nutritional problems that are a result of the condition.
Symptoms of bowel obstruction can also be a sign of an enterocutaneous fistula. If you have bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or severe constipation and an inability to pass gas then your bowel may have become obstructed, and emergency surgery may be required to save your life. If you notice any signs of a serious medical problem including fistulas then you should see your physician to receive a diagnosis. A perianal fistula can occur in your perineal area and can cause tenderness, soreness, and even severe pain in some circumstances. You may notice a foul vaginal discharge, and even stool and gas that is leaking out through your perineum wound or vagina.