A diet for colitis can help avoid or minimize flares while still providing necessary nutrients for overall health. Symptoms of colitis, or inflammation of the colon, include bleeding from the rectum, pain in the abdomen, and diarrhea. Here are some foods that you should avoid:
1. Any food that has previously triggered your colitis. Each person is a little different; therefore each diet for colitis will be a little different.
2. Popcorn, seeds and nuts have no place in a diet for colitis because they may not digest fully and further irritate the colon wall.
3. Caffeine. Be sure to check labels. Many soft drinks and some candies contain caffeine.
4. High fat foods are to be avoided in an ulcerative colitis diet because fat is digested slowly in the intestines.
6. Raw vegetables and fruits, particularly those with skins should be avoided in a diet for colitis because they are hard to digest.
9. Spicy foods
10. Large portions of food
There are several types of colitis each requiring different treatment. Infectious colitis occurs when you swallow foods that are contaminated with certain bacteria, or from infections caused by parasites or viruses. This type of colitis usually infects the small intestine and not the colon. As the name implies, antibiotic associated colitis is a side effect of taking antibiotics. Antibiotics kill off the good bacteria that are naturally live in the colon and that allows undesirable bacteir to flourish. Toxins from these bacteria cause diarrhea, fever, and even pus. Lympohocytic colitis and collagenous colitis occur when the lymphocytes or collagen become inflamed in the inside of the colon. These types of colitis are not common and could be auto-immune. Finally, ischemic colitis occurs when the blood supply to the colon becomes limited because of narrowing arteries.