Cholesterol readings for anyone, whether for men or women, can be confusing. There is the good and bad cholesterol that many do not remember which should be the high and which the low. The HDL, or high density lipoprotein, should remain high, while the LDL, or low density protein should remain low. If a woman’s hormones are perfectly balanced, her estrogen would play a role in the feat of managing cholesterol levels. Estrogen will lower LDL cholesterol and higher the HDL. Rarely, however, are women’s hormones at a perfect median. Of course, cholesterol readings for women have much to do with our lifestyle, diet, and the amount of activity we include in our day to day lives. Since women in the 40’s will usually begin peri menopause or menopause during that decade, this means that cholesterol levels are compromised since hormones are fluctuating at a massive pace. This means that women, especially beginning in their 40’s, need to take extra measures to keep cholesterol readings at a normal level.
While an LDL reading should remain below 130, a woman’s HDL reading should be under a desirable level of 200. Then again, from 200 to 239 is considered to be at a borderline high. A reading over 240 is considered to be high. There are many foods to avoid with high cholesterol. Then, there are foods which are said to lower cholesterol. Lean meats, fish, and poultry should be consumed at a 3 oz serving only once daily. High fat dairy products should also be avoided. Eat the egg whites and skip the yolks. In fact, when cooking and baking, use egg substitute. Have plenty of fruits and vegetables, but avoid high fat dressings. Alcohol is known to raise the HDL reading. Also, include plenty of fiber in your diet since soluble fiber is known to reduce cholesterol. Finally, use fats like olive oil or other monounsaturated fats and say goodbye to any products containing saturated fat.
When diet and exercise do not seem to be enough in the fight against abnormal cholesterol readings, there are medications which a doctor will prescribe. These include statins, resins, fibrates, and nicotinic acid. Some of these compounds may be included in zocor, lipitor, cholestid, or lopid, to name a few as part of a cholesterol medication list.